Allah -ud -Din Khilji controlled the nobles in his court

Allah- ud -Din had appointed governors to look after the provinces of his vast empire. He controlled the nobles in his court he had set spies to observe their movements. The rich were subjected to heavy tax and fines. He banned consumption of liquor in Delhi. His army was well disciplined and they were paid in kind too, by supplying them food grains.

 

He recognized markets and they were subject to regulations. The merchants practicing fraud were severely punished, the princes of food grains were fixed by the state. This enhanced the status of the government. The sultan’s efficiency and honesty were responsible for this. A foreign traveler Ibn Batuta calls him an able ruler and an efficient administrator. He encouraged literature and arts. Poet Amir Hasan Dehalavi was patronized by him among others. The beautiful Alai Darwaza, the doorway near Qutb -minar is his creation.

 

The Tughluqs started their rule with ambition to rule over the whole of India. Ghazi mallik Tughluq assuming the name Ghiyas -ud- Din seized power and founded the Tughluq dynasty in 1320 AD. He suppressed the return from Bengal he died in 1325 AD.

 

Mohammed Bin Tughluq 1325 to 1351 AD.

Ghiyas -ud- din’s son Mohammed has been described by Ibn Batuta as an idealist. He calls him a an administrative genius and one with noble thoughts he was a scholar. But the policies he adopted failed due to impractical notions.