Caesarean delivery & its associated complications.

20th February 2013 — A caesarean surgery refers to a delivery where the infant is born by cutting the mother’s stomach. Mainly such operations need to be performed when normal genital delivery might lead to the health of the mother or the child in severe danger due to the presence of certain factors. This situation arises due to the following factors:

• The size of the baby is too large making it unable to pass.
• Excessive internal bleeding.
• Infertility problems.
• Some issues relating to health.
• The position of the baby making it difficult for getting delivered through vagina.
• Abnormal formation of the mother’s pelvis.


1. Classic caesarean section:

This includes a midline longitudinal incision that allows ample space for the delivery of the baby. This kind is rarely operated today as it is associated with many complications.

2. Lower uterine segment section:

It is commonly operated today which includes a transverse cut above the edge of the bladder & leads to low level of blood loss & easy recovery.

3. Unplanned cesarean section:

This is done when the labor starts due to some of its unexpected complications.

4. Cesarean hysterectomy:

This leads to a cesarean section along with the removal of the uterus which is mainly done in the situations like adverse bleeding or when the placenta & the uterus become inseparable.

The mother is usually conscious while conducting a cesarean section. There are applications of the spine or epidural sedation in order to cause no pain in the lower part of the body. A cut is made just over the pubic hair which helps to operate various layers of the mother’s tissues that help to analyze the actual uterus. After this the below portion of the uterus which is nearby to the bladder is opened that helps to view the infant’s head, followed by the remaining body. The operation concludes with stitching the uterus, other layers of the tissues & the skin.

Complications associated:

The common problems that occur to a mother include:

• infection
• excessive loss of blood
• nausea
• severe head ache mainly after delivery which is due to anesthesia application & abdomen process
• Injury or infection in the pelvic region
• Trauma across the bladder.
• Constipation.

The complications related to the child are

• certain injury during the delivery procedures
• lungs that are not developed well
• respiratory problems

Andy decosta completed his graduation in Biotechnology and also did PhD in Bio-pharmacology. He works as a medical consultant for