Historical background of Haryana state

 Haryana is young as well as old. It gained its present identity only two decades ago. But it finds mention as Brahmavarta in the Mansumriti. It evokes memories not only of mythology but also of history. On the banks of the Saraswati, the rishis in their yogi trance perceived the hymns of the Vedas. At Kurukshetra, the epic battle of the Mahabharata was fought, at Thanesar ruled Harshavardhana 1400 years ago. He was the last Hindu emperor. After him the country remained divided into regional kingdoms till the Tomara Rajputs established themselves in Delhi.    


History abounds in persons of unusual character who hailed from Haryana. Among them was Hemu `the trader’ who became emperor of Delhi, only to be defeated by Akbar; Sher Shah Suri, born at Hissar; and the historic generals of the 1857 Uprising, Rajah Nahar Singh of Ballabgarh and Navab Abdur Rahman Khan of Minister of East Punjab in independent India was Dr. Gopi Chand Bhargava of Hissar, the gentle trimmer whose firmness of principal kept the state together in a period of grave crisis. 


Haryana is a small state, it is one of the richest and technologically one of the most advanced states in India. Every village is electrified and two thirds of them are connected by metal road. Three national highways pass through Haryana and converge at Delhi.