Sher Shah and Akbar had tried to establish a systematic revenue set -up

 

Mughul adminstration-with its centralized rule, the emperor wielded all power. He led the army personally during wars. He was the superme judge. His oders in administration were final. The emperor had a cabinet, Vakil being the Prime Minister, the Diwan was the Finance Minister and the Sadar-ur-Bakshi looked after religious endowments.

The empire had provinces called Suba looked after by a governor called Subedar. He was assisted by Fauzdar and Diwan in provincial administration. Suba was divided into Sarkars. These were further sub –divided into Parganas (taluks). Local officials ran village administration.

Revenue administration- Sher Shah and Akbar had tried to establish a systematic revenue set –up. Land revenue was themain source of royal income land was measured systematically and on the average rate of produce, revenue was settled. It was 1/3 of the produce. Other taxes too continued. Sher Shah had for the first time issued the standard silver rupee (rupiya).

The notable moghul contribution was their improvement of the army and the techniques of war. They used modern techniques of war and used cannons on a large scale. They also built many strong forts. They introduced the mansabdari system. A Mansab was a status sysmbol and the Manasbdar had not only administrative, but also military responsministrative, but also military responsibilities. His status was decided by the number of `Swars’ (cavalities. His status was decided by the number of `Swars’ (cavalrymen) he had to maintain. They were to supply fixed contigents during wars and in peace t he had to maintain. They were to supply fixed contigents during wars and in peace time carry on administration.