India’s Farakka dam strangulated the Ganges devastating fertile Bangladesh to a desert
Filed Under: Politics, World | Posted: 03/30/2011 at 12:29AM
Comments | Region: Bangladesh
Defying international law and violates the rights of lower riparian country, India built a barrage on the Ganges in 1975 just 11 miles from the border with Bangladesh. The dam diverted the water of the Ganges in India Hugli River, which is an immense problem for Bangladesh. As Washington Post staff writer Kenneth Cooper commented: "India’s Farakka dam adds a man-made catastrophe to that natural prey is regularly in Bangladesh."
Twenty kilometers before the Ganges is a river border between India and Bangladesh, the Farakka Barrage on it diverts water through a supply channel near the river Bhagirathi, the main distributor of the Ganga. Further downstream Bhagirathi is maintained Hugly Kolkata port. India supports the conversion of 40,000 cubic meters of water per second are necessary Farakka Barrage
These are two different pathogens affect during the two seasons. India during the dry season to pull huge amounts of water in the monsoon season, and he opens the Farakka Barrage may be that the Bengal is increasingly flooded.
Bangladesh is a crying evil, argues that the reduction of the natural flow of waters of the Ganges has been affected by agriculture, fishing and boating. Lower Coastal States supports Gorai, distributaries have dried up and caused the Ganga add salt up to 3000 folds increased devastating and endanger freshwater mangroves, the largest mangrove of the planet Earth, the Sundarbans and associated part of the Bengal Delta. The dispute was taken to the United Nations in Bangladesh.
This is a barrage of 40 million people, mainly farmers are directly affected 70 million people are infected with the disease who have been forced to use arsenic in groundwater in their drinking and agricultural purposes.
India is not only to draw water from the Ganges, but also 53 other common international rivers shared by two countries. More than a third of the territory of Bangladesh the Farakka Barrage is not only a threat to the existence of Bengal, but also cause global ecology.
India declared war on the environment pressing tiny lower stream Bangladesh. The Farakka Barrage is the "atomic bomb" for Bangladesh. He is the greatest crime against humanity of this kind had occurred in world history. In 1998, 30 million people were affected by floods caused by the Farakka Barrage. With the adverse effects of Farakka, hundreds of the river tributaries of Ganges were total dried up and rushing of sea water, the salinity increased over 3000 folds is devastating natural flora and faunal pattern of Bangladesh including those of the Sundarbans.
World Bank, IMF and other international financial institutions have the commitment and dedications are the direct beneficiaries of this emergency. The negative impact of globalization on ecology and environment, the Bengal is the worst victims.
Bengal, the main economy is based on agriculture. Without water for irrigation and flood situation in Bengal one of the world’s poorest countries in the world.
This is the time to think about a serious and important issue in new ways. If anyone wants to see the impact of the Farakka dam in Bangladesh, which sees the present condition of the river Padma, the surrounding area and through thin. There are journalists who have recently visited Kushtia, Chapainabaganj, Shundarbas area. Kushtia’s Gorai River and are now found only one field wide open sand. Anyone can accidentally think of the river in the desert. The same scenario is seen as a case Mohanonda the river, the river Ichamoti, Kopotakhkho river, and some channels close to a variety of Sundarbans. Field shundorbans Koromjol, Soronkhola, Morolganj as some of the smaller canals and rivers gradually lose the power of fresh water, leading to the entrance of salt water and the river channel at high tide at sea level to almost 3000 times ‘increased salinity affecting Sundarbans flora and fauna in the last 35 years.
In the district of Jessore, was greater than ever seen a flood 1998 and in 1999. It’s nothing more dangerous that the impact of Frakka prey. As major rivers are nothing more than a few fine lines, could not bear the enormous flow of water in the rainy season. Which flooded around these rivers? Was seen by the flow of water from the Farakka Dam, rivers gradually declined during the summer and built several ribs in the center of the stream. But each time the Farakka opens its new main beams increases water flow to other natural disaster named coastal erosion. We have seen each year in Faridpur, Munshiganj, Rajshahi, Manikganj. This makes also lose a lot of fertile agricultural land.
Impact of Farakka affects not only the environmental problems in the southern part of our country; it is also a disastrous impact on many areas of our economy. For and example, we address the issue of maritime transport. Because of losing the depth of the river is almost at the door of the reduction of maritime transport sector. Chalna port is already closed and the port of Mongla roughly to the same fate. But if larger vessels could anchor in Mongla Port and Bangladesh could capture market in Nepal and Bhutan sea transport. They have used the Mongla port as the main port for cargo. It could also make some currencies of these countries. Currently the foreign currency received by India as Bhutan and Nepal using Kolkata on the bank of Hugli river as their main port.
They have all things are not new topics. All Bangladeshis are aware of these problems more or less. Until the Indians will sought out a amicable solution, that is remove Farakka’s death trap which they erected once unilaterally without discussing the Bangladesh in the lower stream, anti-Indian sentiment
Will possible prevail in Bangladesh as nobody want to see their fertile most land in world is becoming a desert. And Anti- Indian quarters in Bangladesh are using their Farakka trump cards very successfully as there lies the truth.